In the previous installment of our “New Year, New Challenges” blog series, we took a look at the general issues, trends, and innovations affecting our customers in the manufacturing space in 2022. Now, as we move further down the supply chain, we’ll identify a few key distribution trends that are currently top-of-mind for wholesalers in 2023.
Distribution Trend 1: Disruption Is Everywhere
With all of the issues that 2020 presented for businesses, few industries have been more challenged during these past three years than distribution.
Distributors across the board had to find ways to adapt to:
- Unpredictable demand
- Ongoing supply strains
- Worker safety concerns
- Reshaping customer relationships
The shifting sands of this extraordinary business environment have been challenging to say the least. Fast-thinking distributors found success in the challenging times.
Smart distributors focused on finesse and superior execution.
During our conversations with various industry leaders, the pain point of disruption continually cropped up. It’s one of the distribution trends we’re keeping a close eye on.
Executives from small and mid-sized distributors intimated what many businesses in the industry now seem to be feeling. The pressure to “innovate or die” is real.
This pressure is the result of a confluence of disruptive factors that coalesced and magnified during the pandemic.
Things like digitization, eCommerce and omni-channel sales strategies, increasing competition, supply chain automation, and industry-wide margin decline are all changing the landscape of distribution and affecting nearly every industry.
These changes are transformational in nature, requiring not just adaptations but often entirely new ways of thinking.
Distributors will want to avoid following in the footsteps of Kodak, Blockbuster, Borders, Circuit City, and others who have failed to adapt to similar inflection points in their respective industries.
When it comes to this distribution trend, they’ll need to harness these disruptive forces rather than resist them.
Distribution Trend 2: eCommerce and Digitization
A necessary step in overcoming traditional thinking (and reversing course on shrinking margins) is to embrace technology-enabled solutions wherever they arise.
For example, a recurring theme in many of our recent conversations has been the rise of eCommerce and other digital sales innovations.
According to the Distribution Strategy Group’s annual eCommerce survey:
- 63% of respondents have at least 10% of their revenue coming from eCommerce
- A 19% increase from the previous year for the same category
Furthermore, since the rise of Amazon, Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA), and Amazon Business, distributors and manufacturers alike have had to rapidly shift sales and fulfillment strategies to include online sales.
As this distribution trend has continued, customers are increasingly expecting tighter delivery windows and on-demand purchasing experiences, meaning that digital technology services have bled into non-sales areas such as logistics infrastructure.
Distribution Trend 3: Automation and Intelligent Supply Chains
At this point the specter of automation feels omnipresent and never-ending. Yes, we know that the robots are taking over, but what does that mean, really?
It begins with the concept of Industry 4.0, or the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
With Industry 4.0, supply chains are introducing automated systems, software integration, robotics, and IoT capabilities into the distribution process.
While the ultimate goal here is to increase operating efficiency, it may also require, for example, a reimagining of the traditional warehouse and a redesign of how space is used.
Just look at what Amazon has done to modernize their “smart” warehouses, in what one Amazon executive described as “a symphony of humans and machines working together.”
Add to this the ongoing revolution in artificial intelligence and machine learning (no, not that kind of revolution), which is transforming everything from image-recognition to price optimization and marketing automation, and it’s no wonder executives are feeling that they need to “innovate or die.”
They understand that technology is no longer a back-office cost for data analytics or a simple sales platform.
As a table-stakes distribution trend for the coming decade, tech integration must function as a Swiss-army knife that’s leveraged for competitive advantage wherever possible.
Distribution Trend 4: Acquisition and Consolidation
An ongoing trend for distributors to watch in the coming year is the prevalence of mergers and acquisitions.
Back in 2020, Wesco and Anixter merged to form an industry giant.
While this was certainly one of the bigger M&A announcements in the past few years, it was by no means the only one, with distributors like Graybar and Watsco also making their own recent acquisitions.
Over the past year, we’ve observed an influx of private equity entering some of the industries we’re close to, particularly HVAC, buying up major stakes in manufacturer and contractor businesses.
With these private equity firms acquiring ownership at both ends of the supply chain, there is a possibility of cutting out the middle link and leaving the old manufacturer-distributor-contractor chain behind.
What Does This Mean for Distributors?
Well, it’s part of a trend of manufacturers increasingly going direct-to-consumer that we’ve been seeing across both B2B and B2C industries.
For example, Nike is planning to grow its direct-to-consumer sales channel by 250% in the next few years through a combination of eCommerce and brick-and-mortar retail sales.
There’s also the next wave of B2B marketplaces to contend with.
This rapidly growing industry is set to 5x by 2024, in large part because more and more millennial buyers prefer the frictionless on-demand style of this experience.
All of these attempts to circumvent the middleman from the equation are great if you’re the customer or the manufacturer. However, these distribution trends are alarming for wholesalers.
Where Does This Leave the Middleman?
It could lead to a hybrid strategy in which suppliers, “rather than deciding whether to go direct or sell through distribution… [focus instead] on determining which customers and products to serve direct, and which to deliver through other distribution channels.” (SupplyChainBrain, 2020).
In other words, wholesale distributors will need to add more value to manufacturers and/or customers beyond the traditional functions of basic purchasing, warehousing, marketing, selling, and shipping.
Otherwise, they will have to answer some uncomfortable questions.
If it’s not clear already, these distribution trends are all interconnected for an industry navigating in somewhat uncharted waters.
Certainly there’s no one right way to take your business into the future.
It seems like success (or the ugly alternative) will be reliant on how well, and perhaps more importantly how quickly wholesalers are able to identify those gaps in their business model and fill them without much, if any, lag.
As margins shrink, competition intensifies, and expectations grow, these are all ingredients that will require greater precision and versatility.
This means value-adds must be sought out in areas that might otherwise go overlooked.
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